Two main classes of investment are ( 1) Fixed income investment such as bonds, fixed deposits, preference shares, and ( 2) Variable income investment such as business ownership ( equities), or property ownership. In economics, investment means creation of capital or goods capable of producing other goods or services.
Expenditure on education and health is recognized as an investment in. Investment philosophy which attempts to balance the regard for morality of a firm' s activities and regard for return on investment.
Ethical investors seek to invest ( usually through mutual funds or unit trusts) in firms which make a positive contribution to the quality of environment and quality of life. “ The investment strategy of the brilliant venture capitalist with regards to the stock market was a long term buy and hold strategy.